The Communist Manifesto:A book review by Dialyn Roque

The Communist Manifesto 

A book  review by Dialyn Roque

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The book  is  compelling, it  houses the series of  thought flow on  how Karl Marx introduced society  evolving from  different labels of antagonism; also  how one is necessarily connected to  each other. His idealism  on the roots  of  how  man evolved in his  society as he  would  put it is  a result of  continuous opposition  that  ironically  works  for both  parties  although it  does in  an  unfair and probably inhumane way  of co-existing.

I  am a medical  major,  so  you  can just  imagine the wrinkling of my forehead the moment I  started reading until I  finished. I’m more of  an  active reader, I  believe  that  when I  read a book  it’s as if  I am  having a  sit-down  chat on a cup f  tea or  coffee with the  actual  author. This one was a seemingly easy  read because of  the number of pages, then I  learned content can never be equated  with  volume. Every sentence had the weight  of a whole  chapter compared to some books. I even think that  I  probably would  need to read it  again for  a different perspective.

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Going back, If  you  may try to  recall the basic ideals of Feudalism,  where the relationship of a serf to a lord depends on  the work  the former does for  the latter in  exchange for  lease of  the lord’s land. Over a long period of  time, since there is no  terms of  ownership this  relationship creates a social  environment that  results to an opportunity for  abuse and exploitation as profit of  the production is  not  shared among both parties but  exclusively owned and acclaimed by  the upper strata. As the author explains it, each  antagonism  over a period of time  is then ended and actually renewed with  a change only on  the names of the strata and the manner of  how  these two co-exist.

The  age of  Feudalism  actually gave way  for the bourgeoisie. To a lay  person’s social  and economic background this  would  be “The age of  Monopoly” giving way to “The age of Capitalism”.  Quoting from the book: “From the serfs of the Middle Ages sprang the chartered burghers of the earliest towns. From these Burgess the first elements of the bourgeoisie were developed”. Gone are those days where trade and commerce are both  central to the aristocrats, the  demand for produce all over  the planet has set forth  the need for  more people  who see and work  on the potential of  new markets and new trends of  consumerism; hence the bourgeoisie.

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Quoting again  from  the book: “Constant  revolutionizing of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions,  everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones”. Since the object of this idealism  revolves around “Production”  and “Profit”, there was always a need to better, faster  and in all sense, competitive. This ran  for  a continuous cycle of wanting something good and then better and it was so close to the point that  it creates a trend where something new is always  the way to go. With the  dawn of industrialism  comes the rise of  heavy  machinery  and lesser of the need to have more men to for human labor. With the  surplus of produce and of workforce comes the realization and existence of  the Proletarians of what is about to come in store for them.

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“The proletariat goes through various stages of development. With its birth begins its struggle with the bourgeoisie. At first the contest is carried on by individual laborers, then by the working people of a factory, then by the operatives of one trade, in one locality,  against the individual bourgeois who directly exploits them”

 At last, the  lower  strata of  society has acknowledged the fact that  something is  wrong and that  something needs to be done.  The  manifesto relays the series of  movements the Proletarians have done involving not only a few locals but of those probably of an entire country. I  believe as I used to be a member of one, that  Unions still exists  amongst  different companies which  serve to  protect  the rights and promote the well-being of its co-employees as  the council are a selected few elected by their colleagues.

 “The real fruit of their battles lies, not in the immediate result, but in the ever-expanding union of the workers. This union is helped on by the improved means of communication that are created by modern industry and that place the workers of different localities in contact with one another.”

 There was still  an existing combat  between the bourgeoisie and proletarians but  it  can’t be denied that  the latter  has and is now a stronger social, political and economic force than ever before.  The working class have learned so much  from  experience and from  co-laborers thru  these established unions that  enables them to communicate, moreover generate ideals of  how they  see it best for  a man to  work in an environment.  With the new generation  of  workforce. gaining access to property  which  they  only have been enslaved for  in the past are  starting to  create a new set of  stratum  that  may  possibly be the extreme of capitalists since now people, relations and everything else  is  equated with the amount of money they generate or  the amount they  are worth of.  Now, a question arises among the thinking class of  the society about when will  inequality  end and what  is  the due steps of making it possible for all men?

Communism  is not something new for many of  us, we may have the slightest  idea about it but no one knows nothing of it.  The idea is that no man’s greater than  another. “The theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property.” It  actually makes sense because if  you  try to go back, the existence of social  differences is  the drive of the upper class to have more which had made them exploit the  rights of the many and result in the  gain of a few. I personally have a take on this  thought which  I’ll be discussing at the end.

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 “We Communists have been reproached with the desire of abolishing the right of personally acquiring property as the fruit of a man’s own labor, which property is alleged to be the groundwork of all personal freedom, activity and independence. In bourgeois society, therefore, the past dominates the present; in Communist society, the present dominates the past. In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality”

 In my own  opinion, Society  was the way it  was and the way it is now because the human need  is evolving from  the ground up.  A few people  might  seem ahead of it but they  are still a coherent part of  the majority’s  development. It  is  but  of  human nature to want more, to be better and to mold themselves up to the image of a higher being.  The challenge is  to  establish  the most narrow  difference among the higher and the lower class because  as a society or better  yet  as a human being I  wouldn’t like  to  see anybody  dying from hunger and I would like to have the world I live in  be conducive to  letting anybody  be accessible to attaining his or  hers fullest  potential.

 Book: The Communist Manifesto

Author: Karl Marx Link: